Articles tagged with the topic ‘Recent’

Displaying 1 - 50 of 919


David Dutton

The Decline of Liberalism in Dumfriesshire: Was It the Standard Wot Done It?

Recent, History

TDGNHAS Series III, 85 (2011), 143(3.42 MB)


In its editorial on 14 December 1963 the Dumfries and Galloway Standard and Advertiser declared, ‘The fact must be faced, Liberalism in Dumfriesshire is on its deathbed and nothing short of a miracle will revive it.’ The evidence for such a statement was strong. In the by-election occasioned by the elevation to the peerage of the sitting member, Niall Macpherson, and whose result had just been declared, the Liberal party, fielding a candidate in the constituency for the first time since the General Election of 1945, had secured a derisory 4,491 votes and forfeited its deposit. This figure, suggested the Standard, was ‘amazingly small’. ‘No juggling of the figures can produce a single crumb of comfort for the Liberals.’ The party’s candidate, Charles Abernethy, and his supporters had ‘put everything they had into the campaign, but however strong Liberalism in Dumfriesshire may have been in the past the by-election figures show that the new generation of voters are thinking along different lines’. A week later, following the publication of two critical letters in its correspondence columns, the newspaper felt it necessary to defend itself against the charge that it had itself contributed to the Liberal party’s predicament because ‘it did not throw its whole weight behind the Party, as in the old days’. A newspaper’s primary function, the Standard argued, is ‘to give a fair and unbiased account of the news, particularly in the controversial field of politics’. If, then, the Dumfriesshire Liberals were looking for a scapegoat for the result of the poll, ‘they must look elsewhere. We have no intention of accepting the role.’


Frances Wilkins

The Dumfries Collectors and the King’s Boat at Carsethorn, 1764–1799

Recent, History

TDGNHAS Series III, 85 (2011), 93(3.42 MB)


For a period of nearly one hundred years the senior customs officers at the port of Dumfries believed that the establishment of a king’s boat at Carsethorn was the best means of stopping smuggling up the Solway Firth. These king’s boats were comparatively small when compared with the revenue cutters stationed round the Scottish coasts – the nearest of these was at Whithorn. They were essentially open boats with four, six or eight sets of oars and a sail. They were manned by a commander with a crew of men, who had been bred to the sea. The main source of information about the king’s boats is the copy books of letters from the Board of Customs in Edinburgh to the collector and comptroller at Dumfries and the local officers’ letters to the Board and to their own staff. This paper describes the relationship between the collectors and the commanders of the king’s boat, during the period 1759 to 1799, for which there is the most detailed information.


Morag Williams

Rosa Gigantea – ‘Sir George Watt’ Part II: Including ‘Sir George Watt’ Escorts ‘Banaras Dawn’ to Scotland by Girija Viraraghavan

Botany, Recent

TDGNHAS Series III, 85 (2011), 1(3.42 MB)


Readers of the Transactions issue LXXXIV 2010 will recall the story of Rosa Gigantea ‘Sir George Watt’, which ended on a note of hope that the rose might be grown successfully in Scotland. There was great despair at the lack of success of the various packages which had been sent from India at considerable cost by the ever-hopeful Girija Viraraghavan and her husband, Viru. In Scotland, Richard Baines at Logan Botanic Garden in the West of Dumfries and Galloway remained just as optimistic and willing to keep trying to achieve success. After two failed attempts Morag Williams perhaps planted the seed of an idea in Girija’s mind, which lay dormant because there did not seem to any possibility of its happening. She said that the main reason for the lack of success seemed to be the time taken by these tender cuttings to reach their destination in Scotland and receive attention. If only someone travelling from India to the UK could bring them by air it would improve the chances of success. Better still, if a rooted plant, instead of cuttings, could arrive by this means there would be greater hope of a successful outcome. Even so, such a move would provide another hurdle to overcome: a plant would require certification to travel. There follows in Girija’s own words the second instalment of the journeying of the Rosa Gigantea ‘Sir George Watt’ from India to Scotland, which first appeared in January 2011 in The Indian Rose Annual XXVII 2011. Girija has kindly given consent for publication in the Transactions.


James D. McLay

Observations on an Eighteenth Century Gradient Diagram

Recent, Cartography

TDGNHAS Series III, 84 (2010), 129(3.44 MB)


In the internet catalogue of the National Archives of Scotland appeared RHP 35867, entitled; ‘A Gradient Diagram of alterations to the military road from Path Brae’, with comments and explanation, dated 1786 and with the signature William Mure. The original document has the accession number STEWM:7405 in the Stewartry Museum in Kirkcudbright, where the curator, Dr David Devereux, made it available for inspection and offered useful local knowledge.


A. E. MacRobert

Were the Wigtown Martyrs Drowned? A Reappraisal

Recent, History

TDGNHAS Series III, 84 (2010), 121(3.44 MB)


This article explores the vituperative controversy which erupted in the mid 19th century over whether the Wigtown Martyrs were drowned. As the available evidence is neither easily accessible nor widely known, it is explained and evaluated. The conclusion is that they were drowned but there remain several mysteries including what happened to a reprieve from the Privy Council. Some historians have therefore been unable to agree that the drownings took place.


Alex Anderson

The ‘Old Edinburgh Road’ in Dumfriesshire and Galloway

Recent, History

TDGNHAS Series III, 84 (2010), 101(3.44 MB)


The ‘Old Edinburgh Road’ marked on Ordnance Survey maps of the Stewartry of Kirkcudbright forms part of a route of great antiquity. A brief summary of its history before the turnpike era was given by the writer in a previous paper.2 The following notes are intended as an amplification of this and its extensions into Dumfriesshire and Wigtownshire, based on observations made in the intervening forty years.


A.J. McCulloch

The Gordons of Earlstoun

Mediaeval, Recent, History, Genealogy

TDGNHAS Series III, 84 (2010), 73(3.44 MB)


The Gordons of Earlstoun are interesting in that they, probably more than any other family in Galloway, suffered the most extreme vicissitudes of fortune. Senior cadet branch of the Gordons of Lochinvar (later Viscounts Kenmure), they built up such a large landholding that by the mid-1600s they had become one of the most powerful and influential families in Kirkcudbrightshire, and later they acquired a baronetcy. Yet within a century the family were so reduced that they were compelled to dispose of their estates, and for the next seventy-five years they remained landless. However, in the mid-eighteenth century a younger son emigrated to Jamaica where he became involved in the lucrative sugar trade, and established the foundations for a revival in the family’s fortunes. Building on this, and inheriting the baronetcy, his son was adjudged heir of entail to an estate near Borgue. Consequently the family regained much of its former eminence


Morag Williams

Rosa Gigantea - George Watt, including ‘On the Trail of Two Knights’ by Girija Viraraghavan

Botany, Recent

TDGNHAS Series III, 84 (2010), 1(3.44 MB)


The Eskdale and Liddesdale Advertiser of 14th October 2009 published an article by retired Langholm General Practitioner, Tom Kennedy, which began: ‘A NEW rose with Langholm connections has been cultivated in India and it is hoped that it may one day be planted in the Rosevale Street garden in the future.’ (More of this garden in Langholm later.) He might have added that across Dumfries and Galloway and in Grampian there are other sites which would welcome the opportunity to plant this tender and beautiful rose because of associations with Sir George Watt and involvement in attempts at its propagation in Scotland. The following article appeared in The Indian Rose Annual, XXVI, 2010, the magazine of the Indian Rose Federation, founded in 1979. It appears by kind permission of Girija and Viru Viraraghavan, recognised as celebrated ‘Rosarians of the World’.


David F. Devereux

The Lochenkit Moor Covenanters – a Newly Discovered Account of a ‘Killing Times’ Incident

Recent, History

TDGNHAS Series III, 83 (2009), 229(WARNING large file size: 5.11 MB)


The killing of four Covenanters by Crown forces on Lochenkit Moor near present-day Crocketford in Kirkcudbrightshire in early 1685 was one of the most notorious events of the ‘Killing Times’. Today, a walled enclosure protects the site of their grave and an impressive obelisk nearby records the circumstances of their killing2. However, an account of the incident has been recently discovered in a manuscript book held in the Stewartry Museum in Kirkcudbright, which, if accurate, offers an alternative interpretation of the event.


J. Pickin

A Concealed Sock from Kirkmaiden, Wigtownshire

Recent, Recent (Social), Folklore

TDGNHAS Series III, 82 (2008), 138(2.63 MB)


A short article describing the finding of a sock in a recess close to the chimney flue at Mull Cottage, Kirkmaiden. The sock was found to be stuffed with thistles and it is suggested that it may be of 18th century date and concealed to trap spitits: it is


Jane Murray

Sir Herbert Maxwell: Chairman of the Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historic Monuments of Scotland 1908-1934

Archaeology (General), Prehistory (General), Antiquarian, Recent, Recent (Literature & Art), Genealogy

TDGNHAS Series III, 82 (2008), 115(2.63 MB)


The Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Scotland was established by Royal Warrant in February 1908, entrusted with the task of making an inventory of the ancient and historical monuments and constructions connected with or illustra


W. Holland

Additional Information on the Churches at Lochend and Beeswing

Recent, Recent (Social)

TDGNHAS Series III, 81 (2007), 124(2.95 MB)


This short Addenda contribution provides additional information on church provision at Beeswing and Lochend in the light of Richard Smith's article 'Presbyterian Divisions and Edifice Rivalry in Galloway, 1743-1900' which appeared in volume 80 of these Tr


D.E. Marsden

The Development of Kirkcudbright in the Early 19th Century by the Emergence of Voluntarism

Recent, Recent (Social)

TDGNHAS Series III, 81 (2007), 109(2.95 MB)


In the 1790s Kirkcudbright was developed by an initiative inaugurated and overseen by the
Burgh Council and inspired by a touch of personal design imparted by the interaction of
the Burgh Council and the local lairds, the Dunbar family.(1) Thus there em


C. Nicolson

The Ordeal of Patrick McMaster: A Galloway Merchant in the American Revolution

Recent, Recent (Social), Genealogy, History

TDGNHAS Series III, 81 (2007), 99(2.95 MB)


Patrick McMaster was born on March 19, 1741, at Currochtrie in Kirkmaiden parish. This article describes the various vissisitudes that befell him while in business in Colonial Boston at the time of the American War of Independence. The article aims to con


Alex Anderson and James Williams

Bridgend Bridge, Dundrennan - A Monastic Structure?

Mediaeval, Recent

TDGNHAS Series III, 81 (2007), 71(2.95 MB)


Bridgend Bridge at Dundrennan is situated on the branch road to Rerrick Kirk and Orroland and has the appearance of a mediaeval ribbed arch. In order to gain some idea of its age and origin, the writers have examined both the documentary evidence and the


D. Finnegan

Border Hints and Scientific Contagion: The Rise and Spread of Victorian Natural History Societies in Victorian Scotland

Recent, Recent (Social), Miscellaneous, Proceedings

TDGNHAS Series III, 80 (2006), 178(3.8 MB)


Summary of a lecture given to the Society on 4th November 2005. The talk unearthed fragments of the rich tradition of publication participation in natural science by re-visiting the enthusiastic and idiosyncratic world of popular natural history in Victor


A. Shukman

Kirkcudbright Pont-Aven: Artists in Search of Inspiration by David Devereux, John Hudson and Catherine Paget. A Review

Recent, Recent (Social), Recent (Literature & Art)

TDGNHAS Series III, 80 (2006), 172(3.8 MB)


A review of the Stewartry Museum booklet 'Kirkcudbright Pont-Aven: Artists in Search of Inspiration' by David Devereux, John Hudson and Catherine Paget. For those who enjoyed the ‘Kirkcudbright-Pont Aven’ exhibition at the Tolbooth in 2004 this beautifull


Alex Anderson

The 'Classified Summary' of the Minutes of the Road Trustees of the Stewartry of Kirkcudbright

Recent, Industrial Archaeology, History

TDGNHAS Series III, 80 (2006), 168(3.8 MB)


The purpose of this addendum is to make it known that copies of the above summary have been deposited for reference in the Ewart Library and the Archive Centre, Dumfries and the Stewartry Museum. It may be used to locate references to roads, bridges and


A.R. Williams and P.G. Williams

A Field-Study Meeting in Galloway, August 1939: The Institute of Sociology, Le Play House

Recent, Recent (Social), Recent (Literature & Art), Geology, Botany, Archaeology (General), Agriculture, Industrial Archaeology, History, Antiquarian, Field Meeting

TDGNHAS Series III, 80 (2006), 143(3.8 MB)


Between 1st and 15th August 1939 the Institute of Sociology, Le Play House, 35 Gordon Square, London held a field study meeting in Galloway. Centred on Newton Stewart the group set out to investigate the natural history, history and social science of the